Easy seed saving plants to save money and fill your garden

pink poppy
Long-time readers (hello, thank you for sticking with me) may know that I’ve been on a drive to live frugally and reduce my living costs and increase my output. There’s a long backstory there, but for the last year it’s all been about living frugally, even when it comes to growing my own veg and flowers. 

Around this time of year, August and September, is a perfect time to start collecting seeds from annuals to store and sow for next year. There are some really easy wins – plants that produce an abundance of seeds that are easy to collect, store well, and germinate freely the when sown – that will produce fantastic results when next year’s growing season is upon us. Based on my experience and my own thrifty garden, here are a few of my recommendations for the easiest plants to save seed from:

5 Flowers for Easy Seed Saving

poppy seed head

1. Poppies

Whether you like the ornamental opulence of opium poppies or prefer the bold simplicity of the field poppy, you can easily collect seed from the trinket-like rotund poppy heads. Simply take an envelope or empty seed packet, shake the contents of a dried poppy head, then label the packet and store. Alternatively, just shake the poppy heads and empty the seeds onto well-draining soil where you’d like new plants to grow. Chances are, they’ll germinate and reward you the following year with plenty of blooms.

Hollyhock flowers and seeds

2. Hollyhocks

The trumpet-like flowers put on a stellar display in late summer, and once faded, wilt and drop from the plant spire. Neatly packaged fuzzy circular seed pods remain, encasing the flat seed discs within. Once the seed pods dry and the seeds mature, the pods gently open. The seeds can be easily collected and stored, or scattered in situ in late summer and autumn.

Nigella seed pods and flowers

3. Nigella

The jewel-like delicate blooms of Nigella transform into fat pods in later summer and autumn, which are chock-full of seeds. The pods can be left in borders to add structural interest and texture, and will happily self seed. But if you want to spread the seed further afield, simply pick a fat pod and gently break it open. Inside you’ll find little chambers filled with tiny black nigella seeds which can be easily distributed amongst your borders, or collected into envelopes or seed packets for sowing when you’re ready.

allium flower head for seed saving

4. Alliums

The name ‘allium’ covers a plethora of flowers and plants from this family, but specifically I want to draw your attention to the likes of Allium hollandicum (Purple Sensation), and their edible siblings of sorts… chives (Allium schoenoprasum)! This year I’ve collected seeds from both types of allium, after they set seed once they’d finished blooming around early-mid summer. Wait for the flower heads to completely dry out… and then wait a little longer. The seeds can be collected by very gently pulling the flower heads from the stalks and tapping the seeds out into an envelope or seed packet.

Orange nasturtium flower

5. Nasturtiums

In recent years I’ve come to love nasturtiums, for a number of reasons. Firstly, I love how they ramble and scramble. I love how bold the flowers are, and how robust the plants are as a sacrificial companion plant. They might be chewed, munched and crunched by a multitude of insects, but they always bounce back with vim and vigour. They bloom for weeks on end, attract pollinators, and will thrive even in the poorest of soils. The seeds are produced once the flowers finish blooming, and will stay attached to the vine before they detach themselves and fall onto the soil under the plant. It’s at this point that you should collect the seeds – they’ll be chickpea-sized and at various points of drying out – and store them in a cool, dry place until the following spring. Plant the whole seed and its outer shell at least an inch into soil and wait for the magic to happen.

 

Pumpkin seed for saving

5 Fruit & Veg for Easy Seed Saving

1. Peas and Beans

Saving peas and beans for sowing is easy and very satisfactory too! Allow some of your bean or pea pods to start to dry out on the plant, before harvesting. Remove the beans/peas from the pods and leave out to completely dry out, before labelling and storing. YOu can store in envelopes or seed packets in a cool, dry space, or opt for air tight containers. Just make sure you’ve got a variety that will germinate from its seed, ie NOT an F1 variety. 

2. Tomatoes

Make sure you’re not saving the seed from a sterile F1/hybrid variety of tomato. Simply remove the seeds from the ripe fruit pulp, dry off on a piece of kitchen roll, and store/label until you’re ready to sow. Easy!

3. Squash/Pumpkins, Peppers & Melons

As with tomatoes, extract the seeds from a ripe fruit, dry them out and store. Remember to choose fruit from the most prolific, thriving plants. Seed drying should take roughly a week, and make sure the seeds are spaced out so that they don’t clump and stick together. Store, label and sow the following spring.

4. Lettuce and Greens

These vegetables, if not hybrid varieties (F1), will produce viable seed on the plants if a few plants are left unharvested and allowed to go to seed (bolt). Once the seed heads have begun to dry out, to collect seed from these veggies, stick a small paper bag over the seed heads, and then cut the heads off. Shake the plant heads to release the seed, and then label and store. 

5.Carrots

Leave a few of your carrots to flower (the pollinators love them) before the flower heads dry out and go to seed. Cut off the flower head, tap the seed into an envelope, and keep dry. 

A little note on storage

Most seeds can be initially air dried and kept in a paper envelope. However, to ensure that excess moisture doesn’t spoil the seeds, you can keep them in a container with good ventilation (think: old tights secured and tied up) on dessicated medium like rice to help absorb any excess moisture. This will help keep the seeds dry and prevent them from burning through their energy stores, which are needed for healthy germination.

Black-currency:

Kitchen Garden Field
Last night I took a trip with my mum and my daughter in tow to a neighbouring village to visit a family friend. Now in her 70s, this family friend has been working land for the last 10 years, turning what was once a portion of grass field pasture into a huge and thriving kitchen garden. It was so inspiring and has really got me thinking about our own little patch and what is really possible. If I can get Rich to let some more lawn go!

The field was once a flat expanse of grass. Today it’s a maze of orchard, soft fruit beds, vegetable gardens, flowers, native woodland trees and everything else in between, including a wildlife pond and hen coop. Small wild birds flit between the gigantic plots, helping themselves to a berry here and there, and the chickens softly cluck away in their run, content to be living in such a peaceful place. From the bottom of the plot, you can see for miles over rolling hills. 

It really is just wonderful. It’s testament to years of hard work and it really invigorated me to pick up my garden tools and make the most of what we have here. 

Blackcurrants - grow your own

Our family friend spends every day up on her field, working away to produce pound after pound of fruit and vegetable. She sent us off home laden with freshly picked courgettes, a homemade blackcurrant crumble and for my mum, her friend of almost 40 years, a jar of honey from the small cluster of hives in the adjacent plot (the blackcurrant crumble was beyond simply delicious). My mum has vowed to go up and spend some time helping her friend work the land, as she’s always so generous with giving away things and never asks for anything in return.

Over the years, this giving of fresh produce is something that mum and I have begun to use as a form of currency, something that, in my frugal years now, I have come to appreciate more and more. At the moment I’m trading gooseberries and blackcurrants in return for a bucket of bird seed, as I can’t justify the spend on a whole sack out of my current spending budget. Earlier in the year, my currency was homegrown strawberries, and soon that currency will change again to homegrown raspberries. We might even trade some Charles Ross and Blenheim Orange apples and homegrown blackberries when autumn comes around.

It’s funny, in a way this kind of trade with homegrown produce makes me feel a little bit rich. Even though I am so very far from the traditional perception of it. I would like to increase the amount of soft fruit in particular that I grow at home. Blackcurrants are top of the list – we only have two small bushes (Ben Sarek and Ben Lomond, I think) that are slightly shaded by the fence. I hope to get some more planted in over autumn and winter, incorporating some flowers to attract pollinators, and maybe even extend my no-dig bed, where the strawberries have gone rampant this year. We have the space, and I hope we can find a way to use it!

Ten Drought-Tolerant Plants for your Cottage Garden

californian poppy flower

I remember that last time that it rained, and it was precisely a month ago, on the morning of a friend’s wedding day. Not a drop has fallen from the sky since, with temperatures only falling below 24˚C for two days since then. Our little cottage garden – our potager, our Smallest Smallholding, is fried. 

Our lawn is no longer green and lush, but bleached and crispy. When the hedgehogs come out at night, they’re lucky enough to find dishes of water put down for them – I don’t know what they’d do otherwise – and our resident toad has also been lucky enough to receive a fresh top up of water from the mains every few days to keep him comfortable. The days are long, hot and tiring, the ground is dusty and cracked, and the sun is relentless. I’l admit it; we’re all struggling a bit in this long, intense summer. 

There are some plants in the garden that have been getting on pretty well though, soaking up the sun and flowering triumphantly throughout the blistering temperatures. As someone who is trying to shoehorn permaculture principles into her planting schemes and plot designs, it has become increasingly apparent why it is so important to plant to suit the conditions of your location.

Here in East Anglia, we tend to have the least amount of rainfall and the hottest summers in the UK. This year might have been exceptional in terms of how little rain has fallen, and how many hours of sunshine we’ve had, but the principles are still important – put the right plants in the right place, and you have to meddle and fuss much less. And your plants will thrive. 

Based on my observations from the last few weeks, I’ve put together a list of plants that have happily grown and thrived during the ongoing heatwaves this year. I have watered these plants now and then, but they need little intervention and have given back so much, not least an ongoing source of food for many of our pollinator friends!

So here it is, my top picks of drought-tolerant plants for a cottage garden:

  1. Lavender
    You can’t go wrong with a lavender, especially lavender angustifolia varieties. Ours have bloomed for weeks on end, are always covered in bees and butterflies, smell glorious, look stunning, and require very little input apart from a twice-yearly prune to keep them in shape. Affordable, dependable, and enjoyable, I think every garden should have a few lavender plants.
  2. Rosemary
    Rosemary doesn’t like to be confined in pots and containers – it really comes into its own when planted in open ground and left to grow. Like lavender, it doesn’t require an awful lot of maintenance, save the odd water and annual pruning. And like lavender, you can easily take cuttings too, prolonging the legacy of this common but utterly brilliant culinary cottage plant. 
  3. Nepeta
    Nepeta – also known as cat mint – is a fantastic drought-tolerant plant that is also extremely attractive to pollinating insects. And unsurprisingly, cats. The tall flowering spires can grow in abundance, creating colourful mauve-blue and purple clouds, which can often repeat flower after pruning back spent blooms in mid-summer. 
  4. Californian Poppy
    These bold flowers create pops of luminous colour in your borders, yet there is a softness to them, that makes them right at home in an English cottage garden. They grow perfectly happily in well-draining, poor soils – even in arid conditions and exposed coastal areas – and absolutely thrive in the heat. 
  5. Hollyhock
    Their delicate, trumpet-like blooms may look fragile and decorative, but hollyhocks are extremely drought-hardy, probably thanks in part to their long tap roots. Available in an array of shades, tones and hues, these cottage garden staples are glorious when in flower from late June through July, and sometimes well into August. Collect the seeds once the pods have dried and enjoy drift after drift of hollyhocks every year for no extra cost!
  6. Helenium
    We planted four helenium plants about eight years ago, and despite never dividing the plants (we will get to it this year), they continue to thrive. Heat worshippers, they do need a good water at least once a week, but they’re tough and will withstand intense heatwaves with aplomb. Again, these bold and beautiful flowers are a magnet for pollinators, so really it’s a win-win for any cottage garden.
  7. Thyme
    It’s no surprise that yet another flowering herb has made it onto the list; but this list would not be complete with the addition of thyme. A gorgeously fragrant culinary herb that is available in many varieties, this tough, bushy, compact plant will thrive in poor soil conditions in direct sunlight. Just make sure to prune back properly each year to encourage new busy growth.
  8. Hyssop
    Yes, another flowering herb… but I couldn’t leave hyssop out as it’s been such a trooper this summer at The Smallest Smallholding! Younger plants can be a little more fussy, but established hyssop plants can tolerate long hot, dry spells, producing spires of pink or purple flowers that bees in particular love to feast on. 
  9. Buddleia
    Some people think buddleia grow like weeds – and are weeds – but I vehemently disagree. They may be as prolific as pesky weeds, but they’re just brilliant and will grow pretty much anywhere, in any conditions. Prune them back hard in spring and they’ll produce lots of new growth on which the fat cones of flowers are produced. The flowers are so potent with nectar that butterflies can often seem drunk – as a child, I remember stroking butterflies’ little furry bodies as they lazily sipped away on the buddleia flowers in our garden. 
  10. Sedum (Ice Plant)
    With almost waxy scalloped leaves and a spread of brilliant pink flowers that act as landing platforms for pollinators, these plants are truly magnificent when others around them wilt and struggle against the hot summer sun. The blooms can often last into early Autumn, and need very little intervention, even in their early growing stages. Once the first frosts hit, these heat-loving plants often need cutting back to ground level, ready for the next season.